Allergic Reaction Anaphylactic Shock

From Protocopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Section 5 -MEDICAL

5.02 ALLERGIC REACTION / ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK

  • For pediatric patients, refer to Handtevy
  • Reactions tend to be more severe if they occur immediately after contact or ingestion
  • Exam airway for edema

INITIAL MEDICAL CARE (2.01)

  • Provide OXYGEN or assist ventilations as appropriate for patient condition.
  • Establish IV or administer medications into extremity without bite or injection of allergen.
  • Administer medications into areas without hives (urticaria)

MILD (urticaria, no respiratory involvement)


MODERATE (mild respiratory involvement)

+/-

  • IPRATROPIUM (ATROVENT) 0.5mg via updraft


SEVERE (stridor / airway involvement)

+/-

ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK / CARDIAC ARREST IMMINENT

  • EPINEPHRINE 0.1mg/1ml 0.5-1mg IVP (may repeat q 10 min)
  • IV NS BOLUS 500-1000ml (maintain systolic BP > 90mm HG)